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Understanding HIV and AIDS

HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that infects only human beings and cannot servive in any other environment. There are 2 types of HIV that is HIV1 and HIV2 with HIV1 having 11 subtypes. HIV1 is common in East and Southern Africa with short incubation period and very virulent. While HIV2 is common in West Africa with long incubation period and less virulent.

AIDS on the other hand is an acronym for Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome. In this acronym Acquired means "To get" or "to contract" or  "to become infected", Immune means defense system, Deficiency means Inability to and Syndrome means combination of illness. AIDS is a disease as a result of HIV infection. It is not transmitted unlike HIV and usually shows signs and symptoms. In otherwords, it can be cured.

Differences between HIV and AIDS

Is a Virus Is a disease
Its an Infection Its outcome
Can be transmitted Not transmitted
Detected through a test Can be shown by Signs and Symptoms
No cure Can be cured